Research and Projects

KYVDRS in the Media

Brown S. Preventing teen suicides: ‘13 Reasons Why’ versus ‘The Hunger Games’ [op-ed]. Lexington Herald-Leader. September 21, 2018. [Print and on-line] https://www.kentucky.com/opinion/op-ed/article218835685.html.

The number of Kentucky farmers who have died by suicide for the last 15 years. In: Facing uncertain future, farmers taking their own lives [article]. Requested by: Chris Conte, Journalist at WTVF-TV. Contacted March 22, 2018. https://www.newschannel5.com/news/facing-uncertain-future-farmers-taking-their-own-lives

US suicide rate hits 30-year high; Kentucky’s numbers higher than national average [article]. Requested by: Kelly McKinney, Reporter for The Sentinel Echo; September 15, 2016. https://www.sentinel-echo.com/news/us-suicide-rate-hits--year-high-kentucky-s-numbers/article_409d2742-7b78-11e6-b8b8-f736c80c9068.html

Brown SV. Invited guest as an expert in violence prevention for WUFT Public Radio segment, Public Health Minute; September 30, 2016. http://wp.lehman.edu/public-health-minute-with-william-latimer/homicide-suicide-dr-sabrina-brown-phd-university-of-kentucky/

Military suicides have spiked in Kentucky in recent years [print story]. Requested by Devin Katayama, Reporter for WFPL, Louisville NPR; December 15, 2014; Louisville, KY. https://wfpl.org/military-suicides-have-spiked-in-kentucky-in-recent-years/
  

Peer Reviewed

Khaleel HA, Brown S, Fleming S, Christian WJ. Alcohol sale status and homicide victimization in Kentucky, 2005-2012: Is there a spatial association? Geospatial health 2019;14(1).

Brown S, Seals J. Intimate partner problems and suicide: are we missing the violence? Journal of injury & violence research 2019;11(1):53-64.

Hanan Abdulghafoor Khaleel, M.B.Ch.B, M.Sc.CM, DrPH, Sabrina V. Brown, DrPH, MPH, Warren Jay Christian, PhD, Steven Fleming, PhD. Alcohol Sale Status and Suicide in Kentucky, 2005-2012. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2016, 4:3.

Comiford, A., Sanderson, WT, Chesnut, L., Brown, SV Predictors of Intimate Partner Problem-Related Suicides among suicide decedents in Kentucky. Journal of Injury and Violence Research. 2016 April 19, 8 (2).

Cerel, J., Brown, SV., Singleton, M., Brown. M., Brancado, C., Thaxton, A. & Bush, H. M. Emergency department visits prior to suicide and homicide: Linking statewide surveillance systems. Journal of Emergency Medicine. Crisis. 2016 Jan;37(1):5-12. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000354. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Holland KM, Brown SV, Hall J, Logan JE. Homicide-Followed-By-Suicides Involving Child Victims: A Qualitative Assessment of Perpetrators. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2015; (pii: 0886260515605124. [Epub ahead of print].

Cerel, J., Moore, M., Brown, MM., van de Venne, J., Brown, SV. Who Leaves Suicide Notes? A Six-Year Population-Based Study. Suicide & Life Threatening Behavior. 2014 (Epub ahead of print) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=who+leaves+suicide+notes

Schulte BM, Mannino DM, Royal KD, Brown SV, Peterson LE, Puffer JC. Community Size and Organization of Practice Predict Family Physician Recertification Success. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 2014; (27) 3: 383-390.

Logan J, Walsh S, Nimesh P, Hall J. Homicide-Followed-By-Suicide Incidents Involving Child Victims. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2013;(374):531-542.

Walsh S, Charnigo R. An Ecological Approach to Preventing Suicide Using the National Violent Death Reporting System and County Level Health Status Data. Suicidology Online. 2012; 3:92-101.

Saman DM, Walsh S, Borowko A, OdoiA. Does place of residence affect risk of suicide? A spatial epidemiological investigation. BMC Public Health 2012, 12:108. Published: 8 February 2012.

Walsh S, Clayton R, Liu L, Hodges S. Divergence in Causative Factors for Suicide in Men and Women: National Recommendations to Raise Public Awareness. Public Health Rep. 2009 Nov-Dec;124(6):861-7

Barber CW, Azrael D, Hemenway D, Olson LM, Nie C, Schaechter J, Walsh S. Suicides and Suicide Attempts Following Homicide: Victim-Suspect Relationship, Weapon Type, and Presence of Antidepressants. Homicide Studies. 2008;12(3):285-297.

Walsh S, Dignan M, Caldwell G. The PAPM, Diffusion Theory, and Violent Death Surveillance. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2007;31(5):451-461.

Walsh S, Hemenway D. Intimate Partner Violence: Homicides Followed by Suicides in Kentucky. Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association. 2005;103:10-14.  
 

Supplemental Projects

Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Syndrome Project (2006-2007)

Purpose

To conduct statewide surveillance of sudden unexplained infant deaths detailing the feasibility of collecting, abstracting, and coding SUID information to ultimately reduce these infant deaths.

In 2002, Kentucky had 108 SUID deaths with a crude death rate of 19.9 per 10,000 live births.

Background

(provided by the CDC)

Each year in the US, approximately 4,500 infants die suddenly of no immediately obvious cause. When investigated, half of these sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) are attributed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), which is the leading cause of SUID and of all deaths among infants aged 1-12 months. To accurately diagnose and classify a sudden and unexplained infant death, a thorough investigation of the death scene, a complete autopsy, and a review of the clinical history must be conducted. Regrettably, many SUIDs are not thoroughly investigated, and when they are, information to help determine cause of death is not collected and reported consistently.

Lack of carefully collected death scene information also makes it difficult to distinguish between SIDS and deaths from accidental suffocation or from unknown cause. To help make the classification of all SUID more accurate, CDC has developed a new investigation form and training materials about use of the form for medical examiners, coroners, law enforcement officials, mortality review teams, and others.

The purpose of this pilot project is to determine the feasibility of collecting, abstracting, and entering information about the SUID into an electronic surveillance system for use by the state and the CDC with the ultimate goal of reducing these infant deaths. The SUID project will utilize the current NVDRS/KVDRS infrastructure. The SUID data collection instrument is completed using information that is already being collected by the KVDRS. One aim of the pilot project is to identify information on the SUID form that is not readily available or is too difficult to obtain for routine collection.

Elder Maltreatment Surveillance Pilot (2009-2011)

Elder Maltreatment Surveillance Pilot (2009-2011)